Investigation on Smoking among Undergraduates of Inner Mongol Medical University
The occurrence of lung cancer is most frequent among other types of cancer. It is important address this issue when one is young. We have found there is a trend for a number of people to start smoking when they are in college. Therefore we have surveyed Year 1 to Year 3 students in our school to understand the current situation.
We form 3 teams to conduct surveys in 3 dormitories. Each team surveyed 250 students, with male and female students of equal numbers. We distributed 1,000 surveys, effective surveys collected were 852, making the results collection rate 85.2%.
There are 4 areas of survey:
1. Age and Expenses of Smoking
2. Reasons for Smoking
3. Frequencies of Smoking
4. Reflections on Smoking
1. There are more male smokers (40%), and we should not ignore potential female smokers.
2. More than 40% of the students started smoking before college and this means that parental responsibility cannot be ignored.
3. Many student smokers are surrounded by friends who are smokers too, especially for those who stay in the school dorminotory.
4. On attitudes towards smoking, 34% felt it is ok to smoke, 41% were anti-smoking, 25% remaining students felt neutral. Most female students surveyed were anti-smoking.
5. Many students have adopted smoking as a habit and smoke regularly in the dorminotory and school compounds.
6. We found that many of the first cigarettes came from their fathers or friends.
7. 86% of the smokers surveyed attempted to quit smoking and 40% of them were successful.
8. 23% of the students smoke 10-15 cigarettes a day.
40% of the students smoke 5-10 cigarettes a day.
36% of the students smoke less than 5 cigarettes a day.
To solve the problem of college students' smoking, the main problem is how to give up smoking and how to quit smoking from their heart.
Many students in our school are related to medical science. They understand the harm of smoking and know a lot of cases, but still don't care it. A large part of the reason is fluky psychology:smoking does not necessarily affect the body , and lung cancer is very far away from me. Therefore, in order to meet a moment of pleasure, they give up the long-term health.
So a lot of more effective information should be known by them. If necessary, students can avoid fluky psychology in rats, to establish the model of lung cancer induced by smoke. And then in the hospital, witnessing a lot of lung cancer patients in the radical surgery, surgery in the late recovery, and the quality of life, make students to feel fear from the heart. Thus the psychological state changes from smoking may not affect health and to what if smoking can affect the body health. Then they do not want to smoke. With this desire to quit smoking, methods ca be taken to quit smoking actively.
Now there are many ways to quit smoking. But the effect is uneven. The general situation is to smoke again after a while, then feel regretted, give up smoking, and relapse again, which is a vicious cycle process. Finally continuous failure results in their no longer trying to quit smoking. So it is not only a problem of willpower, but also a psychological problem.
Team members abandoned the original low success rate ways and turned to some new ways and concepts, hoping to solve the problem of smoking addiction
Step one; Water withdrawal practice is very simple. Do not drink plenty of water. When the addiction comes, take a mouthful of water. After about three or four times, a mixture of water withdrawal and smoking addiction impulse is formed, at the same time when smoking and drinking are both desired. Of course, smoking is the main impulse.
The operability of this step is; Every time when there is an impulse to smoke, willpower can be involved in about five to ten seconds, even shorter, during this time the task of drinking water can be completed.
Step 2: the next thing to do is to let the emotional brain work. We have a drink a mouth of the cold boiled water or mineral water, take a deep breath, then tell yourself it's so cool, feel it again, is it really cooler than smoking? It is very natural, after smoking, after all, is a painful feeling while water brings the sense of satisfaction and the sense of being bound will accumulate quickly.
Step three: physical energy works, and perhaps one or two days later, you will find your strength seemed to burn, because smoking energy in the region of the brain is in charge of the vent. This time is a key point. It is likely to relapse. we have to make the energy do other things. The starting movement is not a demanding thing. Energy for the body is enough and can not be released, so there is the demand of the vent. After three times, movement is addicted.
Step four: emotional brain works, and demonize people who smoke around. They are poor! Sigh: poor ignorant people! Don't try to persuade others to quit smoking, because in the lobby of, mirror self will greatly mobilized. It is likely to make plans ruined.
Attention should be paid to the problem: steps can't be disturbed. We can't act too hastily and must complete it step by step. In this way smoking addiction can be transformed into water addiction and exercise addiction.
Before the plan is implemented, 42% of the boys smoke. In the dormitory of six, three men and over three smokers accounted for 58%.
60 dormitories are selected randomly. 15 dormitories consist of one group. There are four groups. In each group, there are about 50 to 60 smoking students. Team one will not make any intervention to see if it can consciously quit; Simple intervention is applied in the second group. Students are taken to the respiratory medicine department of Inner Mongolia autonomous region hospital. Sun fang, associate Chief Physician, interpreted the clinical treatment and prognosis of lung cancer. Take them to oncology and thoracic surgery ward to visit patients who do not have to suffer from staging and differentiation. We strongly urge everyone to quit smoking. In addition to the intervention of the second group, the third group members help each other designate specific conventional way of smoking cessation, such as aversion therapy and chewing gum instead of smoking. Observing the effect. On the basis of the second group, the students of the fourth group conduct intervention according to our newly designed -- water withdrawal and exercise addiction. Observing the effect.
Three months later, nobody quit smoking actively in the group one in which there are 52 students. In group two in which there are 55 students, students who are willing to quit smoking account for 50 people. Only 11 students quit smoking successfully. In group three in which there are 50 students, students who are willing to quit smoking occupied 50 people. Only22 students quit smoking successfully. In group four of 60 students, students who are willing to quit smoking account for 52 people. Only 35 students quit smoking successfully.
Then we set up long-term observation and follow-ups. 6 months later, in the first team there are 8 people who are willing to quit smoking. In the second group there are 11 people quit smoking (two people relapse) and there is one more student who gave up smoking successfully. In the third group there are 22 people quit smoking (five people relapse) and there is two more students. In the group four, 2 people cannot be contacted, 6of them relapse, and there are five more students who quit smoking successfully.