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The study and intervention of deaf-mute children's loneliness and inferiority

The study and intervention of deaf-mute children's loneliness and inferiority

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Problem Description: 

Loneliness is an unpleasant feeling characterized by a strong sense of emptiness and solitude resulting from inadequate social relationships (Peplau & Perlman, 1982). Adler suggested that everyone starts out with feelings of inferiority. For deaf-mute children, physical handicap and lack of communication skills often lead to high loneliness, inferiority, anxiety and other psychological problems. There is a lot of research on the psychological problems of deaf-mute children, but about loneliness, feelings of inferiority relatively small, and has been a lack of research on the relationship between loneliness and inferiority of deaf-mute children in China.

The purpose of this study is to explore the psychological problems of this special group of deaf-mute children from Shantou City at southern China, the status of the loneliness, the feeling of inferiority.(There are  120  students in grade four to nine at Shantou deaf-mute school, the sample included 113 deaf-mute children in grades four to nine, accounting for 94.17% of the total number of students in grade four to nine at Shantou deaf-mute school.)

And also to explore the relationship between loneliness, feelings of inferiority among the deaf children from Shantou City at southern China, and the method of combining the structured group counseling and non-structured group counseling and counseling, with a focus on deaf children alone, low self-esteem and psychological problems. It then validated the effectiveness of structured and non-structured group counseling intervention method on the loneliness and inferiority in the deaf-mute. With this intervention model, this study also seeks to reduce the other psychological problems of deaf-mute students, and comprehensively promote the mental health of deaf-mute students, improve their personality.

Solution: 

The sample included 113 deaf-mute children in grades four to nine from southern China who completed Children's Loneliness Scale (CLS) [1]and Feeling of inferiority scale (FIS revision)[2]. The FIS revision was modified for the deaf-mute children (Fleming & Courtney, 1984; Janis & Field, 1959). Sixty-five children (male 33, female 32) were chosen and then randomly sampled for the intervention. The psychological intervention combined self Structure Group Counseling and Non-structured Group counseling in 3-month (see Table 1). The effects of intervention was examined by comparing pre- and post-tests using the same loneliness and inferiority scales in November 2009 and September 2010.

References

[1] ASHER  SR,  HYMEL  S,  RENSHAW  PD.   Loneliness  in children[J].Child Dev, 1984,55: 1456–1464

[2]Fleming JS., Courtney BE.. The dimensionality of self-esteem II: Hierarchical facet model for revised measurement scales[J]. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,1984,46:404-421 

Achievement: 

The sample included 113 deaf-mute children in grades four to nine from southern China who completed Children's Loneliness Scale (CLS) [1]and Feeling of inferiority scale (FIS revision)[2]. The FIS revision was modified for the deaf-mute children (Fleming & Courtney, 1984; Janis & Field, 1959). Sixty-five children (male 33, female 32) were chosen and then randomly sampled for the intervention. The psychological intervention combined self Structure Group Counseling and Non-structured Group counseling in 3-month (see Table 1). The effects of intervention was examined by comparing pre- and post-tests using the same loneliness and inferiority scales in November 2009 and September 2010.

References

[1] ASHER  SR,  HYMEL  S,  RENSHAW  PD.   Loneliness  in children[J].Child Dev, 1984,55: 1456–1464

[2]Fleming JS., Courtney BE.. The dimensionality of self-esteem II: Hierarchical facet model for revised measurement scales[J]. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,1984,46:404-421 

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