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Training the ability of scientific research of the undergraduate student nurses by the model of “Problem solving for better health”

Training the ability of scientific research of the undergraduate student nurses by the model of “Problem solving for better health”

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Problem Description: 
 
Nursing research practice is the key point to distinguish higher nursing education from the secondary nursing  education. It  is also  a key link  to measure the level of higher nursing teaching. As an important indicator to measure the senior professional talents, Scientific research ability attract more and more attentions. Since the development of nursing specialty in higher education started just for short time, the number of master and doctor degrees was less, the social expectations of nursing scientific research ability of undergraduate students displayed high. Departments’ rotation is the present mode of the clinical teaching, which does not accord with the characteristics of progressive, coherence and system of nursing scientific research. The head nurses and the clinical teachers cannot independently accomplish the work of the scientific research and teaching. Scientific research is an important but most difficult part of clinical practice in higher nursing education.
We started teaching for undergraduate nursing students from 1998, till June 2003, the total teaching 138students, teachers and students in the teaching pro cess were very difficult, uneven teaching effects, students with little success.
 
Because of the basic method and process of PSBH is in accordance with the nursing scientific research process. We adopted the method of PSBH to guide student nurses the process of scientific research step by step, which conformed to the characteristics of progressive, coherence and system of nursing scientific research. Based on the characteristics of scientific research, combining with clinical teaching, we developed a suitable and feasibility clinical scientific research teaching plan, the plan was divided into four stages: literature review stage, topic selection stage, collecting data stage and writing stage. We set time limits and goals for each stages and that were supervised by teaching training center.
Solution: 
Guiding the student nurses to nursing research field by the method of problem solving for better health, the process was  choosing good questions, finding out the solutions, making action plans, determining clear evaluation indexes  and  methods,  which  went  by  the  procedure  of  explanation — paradigm  introduction— discussion.  When the student  nurses  just  started their  clinical  practice,  we  firstly  assessed  their  knowledge  of  nursing research, explained the research plans in detail, targeted in periodic training of solving problems. After the first stage theoretical training, the student nurses experienced the nursing research step by step under the guidance of their supervisor according to the plans, their time and information resources of research were guaranteed. Supervision and management of the supervisor and students both sides were strengthen. The implementation could seize the key  link  in the  teaching and  scientific  research, such as  plan proposal, research time,  information support,  guidance and supervision in different stages of research etc.

 

Achievement: 
 
1. We held 10 PSBH training from June 2003 to October 2012, a total of 741 students  were  trained  for  scientific  research,  all  of  them  successfully completed graduation thesis, 14 of which received the School Outstanding Papers.  The  training  improved  the  ability  of discovering problems  and scientific research,  which established  solid  foundation for obtaining  and maintaining the knowledge and abilities to meet personal work after their graduation.
 
2. The project has become a routine and characteristic of scientific research training of clinical teaching in Fujian Provincial Hospital.
 
3.  Four papers were published.
 
4.  The  formation  of  scientific  research subject  “Effect  of Practice  and Management on Clinical Teaching of Nursing Scientific Research” won the third prize of Scientific and Technological Progress of 2010 year in Fujian province and  the Provincial Nu
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